Damage caused by ploughing of the meadows – habitat 6510, at the same time site with strtictly protected plant species - Globe-flower (Trollius europaeus) and Autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale)
30 06 2010

Topic of the intervention
Damage caused by ploughing of the meadows – habitat 6510, at the same time site with strtictly protected plant species - Globe-flower (Trollius europaeus) and Autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale)

Location (Administrative units)
Lower Silesian (dolnośląskie) Voivodship, Borough of Lewin Kłodzki

Natura 2000 site
Inside SPA “Góry Stołowe”

Details of location
NE from the Kulin Kłodzki village, the land cadastre plot number 10/2

Ploughing of the meadow. As a result of turning the meadow into the arable land, habitat at 1,5 ha part of the plot was destroyed.

Private, individual person

Financial means
Own funding

Authority issuing permit for the investment

Environmental Impast Assesment, Decision on Environmental Conditionings

Details of the damage
The damage was detected after it occurred. However it is evident from the lay of the land, and from the fragments next to the damaged area where the vegetation was left despite ploughing, that the same habitat was present at the area in question. Remnants of the meadow may be observed SE from the ploughed area (still inside the same cadastre plot 10/2) and on the neighbouring plot 6/1, bordering it from NW.

Damaged/threatened population/area (species/natural habitat)
Ploughing partially destroyed habitat 6510 (Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)) as well as site with at least two strictly protected species, namely Globe flower (Trollius europaeus) and Autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale). During the reconnaissance on 25th of May, 2009, it was found out that on the ploughed fragment there were tufts of flowering Globe-flowers and specimens with fruits of the Autumn crocus, both species strictly protected by national legislation.

Details of undertaken intervention
In July 2009, Dolnośląska Fundacja Ekorozwoju (DFE, Lower Silesian Foundation for Eco-development) commissioned the independent field research (expertise). Then, according to the Parliament Bill of 13th April, 2007 on prevention of the environmental damage and harm repair, DFE send an informing notice about the environmental damage to the Regional Director for Environment in Wrocław. Copy of the notice was send to the Mayor of the Lewin Kłodzki Borough. The Regional Director for Environment accepted the notice and in October reported back that the owners of the plot in question declared that they stopped using the plot as arable fields. Additionally, RDE informed that the independent full inventory of the whole plot 10/2 will be required in Spring next year.

Organisation proceeding the cause
Fundacja EkoRozwoju (FER Foundation for Sustainable Development, earlier acting under the name Dolnośląska Fundacja Ekorozwoju – DFE i.e. Lower Silesian Foundation for Sustainable Development)

Conclusions, recommendations
As a result of the intervention, it was possible to stop the habitat and species degradation process. It was even more important taking into account that according to the independent opinion, the degraded habitats have a chance for total recovery, assuming quick repair actions and stopping further damage). Despite ploughing stronger species still grow on the destroyed fragment of the plot.
From the experience in this project as well as other observations, conversion of meadows into arable land is not at all rare. Just opposite it is a large scale phenomenon. Often, damage of this kind results not from ill intentions of land users, but rather from lack of knowledge about the environmental values and the necessity to assure their protection. Therefore it is important to increase the availability of information about the occurrence of protected species and habitats, but also about the obligations and legislation. It is vital to spread the message that the potential damages result not only from the big investments but also from the small scale operations for which no permit or impact assessment is required.

articles in this section: Interventions > notification > list
  1. 1 - 12
  2. 13 - 18
  1. Threat for the habitat 8220-1 and Serpentine Spleenwort (Borough of Sobótka)
  2. Devastation (destruction) of the habitat 6510 near Mała Kamienica (Izerian Foot-hills)
  3. Damage of the floodplain meadows near Trestno (Borough of Święta Katarzyna)
  4. Damage of the habitat 3260 (the Mrożynka creek) in Mlądz
  5. Damage of the habitats 6410 and of the Dusky Large Blue (Maculinea nausithous) near Koźlice (Borough of Zgorzelec)
  6. Destruction of the habitat 91F0 in the valley of Bystrzyca River near Ratyń (City of Wrocław)
  7. Destruction of the habitat 6440 in the valley of Bystrzyca River (Borough of Kąty Wrocławskie)
  8. Threat for the Annex II fish (Weir on the Odra River in Chruścice)
  9. Destruction of Barbastelle and Greater mouse-eared bat habitat – filling up of the mine shaft in Kozie Chrzepty
  10. Destruction of the habitat of the Hermit beetle in Żmigród Forestry Unit (Nadleśnictwo Żmigród)
  11. Destruction of the habitat 6510 with protected species in the Borough of Lewin Kłodzki
  12. Abuse of the Articles 6(3) and 6(4) of the Habitat Directive in Natura 2000 site Grądy Odrzańskie – Overhead electric power transmission line 400 2 x 110 kV
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Co-financing: The Charities Aid Foundation (CAF)
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